Submitted manuscripts file format

Please submit your paper in MS Word (.doc, .docx or LaTeX) file format according to the detailed Manuscript Preparation Guidance given below. The number of pages is at the discretion of authors; on average papers should be 10-20 pages long. When preparing your paper for submission, we strongly advise that you pay particular attention to your research methods, outcomes/results and language. To ensure rapid peer-review and publication, please adhere to these guidelines.


Submissions must be original work, the copyright to which is not already owned elsewhere. Originality, creativity and a cross-disciplinary approach are strongly encouraged. Significant duplication of material and/or parallel submissions are not allowed and in such cases the publisher reserves the right to withdraw publishing rights from ALL authors of such papers for a substantial period of time. It is the authors’ responsibility to check for possible copyright conflict with the copyright holder and agree to our Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement.


Given that the manuscript must be written in English, authors who are not native speakers are advised to seek assistance in order to ensure its accuracy and improve the language quality. The publisher can also provide copy editing service on payment.

Manuscript Preparation

General: Manuscripts must be typewritten, double spaced with wide margins on one side of white paper. The first page of manuscript should include (a) Title of Manuscript (b) Names, addresses and email addresses of all co authors (c) Name, complete address, telephone number, fax number and email address of the corresponding author (d) Abstract. An electronic copy of the paper should accompany that final version. The Editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards for uniformity.

Paper Length: The Editors generally encourage brevity for all Research Papers. Short Communications must not exceed 4 printed pages and will be given priority for rapid publication.

Abstracts: Abstracts should not exceed 250 words, and should not contain full reference.

Keywords: A minimum of 5 keywords must be included on a separate line below the main abstract and labeled ‘Keywords”. To optimise searching, please avoid key words already used in the title. Also, avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (for example, avoid ‘and’, ‘of’). Be careful with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Text: Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title, Author, Affilations, Abstract, Keywords, Text, Acknowledgment, Appendix, References, (Vitae if required –see below) Figure Captions and the Tables. Do not import the Figures or Tables into your main text file in MS Word format. Provide a separate PDF file of your manuscript text with correct placement of figures and tables. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote. All other footnotes numerals. (except for table footnotes) should be identified with superscript Arabic numbers.

Units: SI unit’s, if other units are necessary, includes the conversion factor and add the non –standard unit in parenthesis.

Symbols: Define in text. Place extensive list of symbols in appendix.

Maths: Avoid double suffix. Punctuate carefully.


References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver). All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. The reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.

Journal titles are abbreviated (to decipher abbreviations see: PubMed Journals Database

  • Only first words of article title and words that normally begin with a capital letter are capitalised.
  • If the number of authors exceeds six then et al. will be used after three names (the term “et al.” should be in italics).
  • If the journal has continuous page numbering, you may omit month/issue number
See below few examples of references listed in the correct Vancouver style:
Shon HK, Vigneswaran S, Snyder SA. Effluent organic matter (EfOM) in wastewater: Constituents, effects, and treatment. Crit Rev Env Sci Tec 2006; 36(4): 327-74.
Suzuki Y, Rowedder M. Curriculum system and understanding of nutrition in school children. Int J Consumer Stud 2002; 2(26): 249-55.
Typical Chapter Reference:
Mason A. Population growth, aggregate saving and economic development. In: Salvatore D, Ed. World population trends and their impact on economic development. London: Greenwood Press 1988; pp. 45-58.
Book Reference:
Fleiss JL, Levin B, Paik MC. Statistical methods for rates and proportions. 3rd ed. New York: Wiley 2003.
Edited Book:
Duchateau L, Janssen P. The Frailty Model. New York: Springer 2008.
Conference Paper and Proceedings:
Vassiliadis P. Modeling multidimensional databases, cubes and cube operations. In Proc. of the 10th SSDBM Conference 1998; pp. 53-62.
An Y, Mylopoulos J, Borgida A. Building semantic mappings from databases to ontologies. In Proceedings of the Twenty-First National Conference on Articial Intelligence (AAAI-06) (Boston M, Ed.) 2006.
Journal Article on the Internet:
International Monetary Fund (IMF). World economic outlook: Growth resuming, dangers remain [Report on the internet]. IMF; 2012 [cited 2012 Sept 10]: Available from:
Book/Monograph on the Internet:
Donaldson MS, editor. Measuring the quality of health care [monograph on the internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 1999 [cited 2004 Oct 8]: Available from:
Web site/Homepage:
United States Department of Agriculture. 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. (accessed April 11, 2012).
Journal with Part/Supplement:

If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout the volume, then the issue number can be omitted.

Issue with Supplement:
Pignon JP, le Maitre A, Bourhis J. Meta-Analyses of chemotherapy in head and neck cancer (MACH-NC): an update. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2007; 69(2 Suppl): S112-4.
Volume with Part:
Vahter M. Methylation of inorganic arsenic in different mammalian species and population groups. Sci Prog 1999; 82(Pt 1): 69-88.
Issue with Part:
Harrabi I, Ghannem H, Gaha R, Hochlaf M, Limam K, Essoussi AS. Epidemiology of dyslipidemia among schoolchildren in Sousse, Tunisia. Diabetes Metab 2005; 31(3 Pt 1): 285-9.
Sierra MA, Gómez-Gallego M, Alcázar R, Lucena JJ, Álvarez A, Yunta-Mezquita F. WO 02/00604 Patent 2002.
Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or in open access (free-to-view), must contain the exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those posted on an author’s Web site unless editorially essential, e.g. ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.
Some important points to remember:
  • All references must be complete and accurate.
  • If the number of authors exceeds six then et al. will be used after three names (the term “et al.” should be in italics).
  • Online citations should include the date of access.
  • Journal abbreviations should follow the Index Medicus/MEDLINE.
  • Take special care of the punctuation convention as described in the above-mentioned examples.
  • Avoid using superscript in the in-text citations and reference section.
  • Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications (which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained) should not be given in the reference section but they may be mentioned in the text and details provided as footnotes.
  • The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.
  • All illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without re-touching
  • All illustration must be readable when reduced to a with of 75 mm (Single column figure) or 160 mm (double column figure)
  • All illustrations should be clearly marked on the back with the figure number and the author’s name. All figures are required to have a caption. Captions should be supplied on a separate sheet.
  • Line drawing: Good quality printouts on white paper produced in black ink are required. All lettering. Graphs lines and points on graphs should be sufficiently large and bold to permit reproduction when the diagram has been reduced to a size suitable for inclusion in the journal. Dye-line prints or photocopies are not suitable for reproduction. Do not use any type of shading on computer-generated illustrations.
  • Photographs: Original photographs must be supplied as they are to be reproduced (e.g. black and white or colour), if necessary A scale should be marked on the photograph. Please note that photocopies of photographs are not acceptable.
  • Colour: Authors are required to pay for the preparation of colour. Apply to the Author Services at the Publisher for details of cost (If the author is ordering the reprints).

Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively and each table typed on a separate sheet. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the tables and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. No vertical rules should be used Tables should not duplicate result presented elsewhere in the manuscript. ( graphy)

Proofs: Proofs will be sent to the author (first named author if no corresponding author is identified of multi –authored papers) and should be returned within 72 hours of receipt. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors: any others may be charged to the author. Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return. Since the inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed.

Processing Fee: After editorial approval and peer review, all submitted manuscripts are subject to an article processing fee covering the cost of production.

OPEN ACCESS: With this option your article your article is published with barrier free access for readers.

The article processing fee for Option is: US$ 300 /-